Classical

Western A La Bruegel - François Rabbath - New Sound Of Jazz (CD)

Since all people of the world, including the most isolated tribal groups, have a form of music, it may be concluded that music is likely to have been present in Western A La Bruegel - François Rabbath - New Sound Of Jazz (CD) ancestral population prior to the dispersal of humans around the world. Consequently music may have been in existence for at least 55, years and the first music may have been invented in Africa and then evolved to become a fundamental constituent of human life.

While musical life was undoubtedly rich in the early Medieval era, as attested by artistic depictions of instruments, writings about music, and other records, the Western A La Bruegel - François Rabbath - New Sound Of Jazz (CD) repertory of music which has survived from before to the present day is the plainsong liturgical music of the Roman Catholic Church, the largest part of which is called Gregorian chant.

Pope Gregory I, who gave his name to the musical repertory and may himself have been a composer, is usually claimed to be the originator of the musical portion of the liturgy in its present form, though the sources giving details on his contribution date from more than a hundred years after his death.

Many scholars believe that his reputation has been exaggerated by legend. Most of the chant repertory was composed Western A La Bruegel - François Rabbath - New Sound Of Jazz (CD) in the centuries between the time of Gregory and Charlemagne. During the 9th century several important developments took place.

First, there was a major effort by the Church to unify the many chant traditions, and suppress many of them in favor of the Gregorian liturgy. Second, the earliest polyphonic music was sung, a form of parallel singing known as organum. Third, and of greatest significance for music history, notation was reinvented after a lapse of about five hundred years, though it would be several more centuries before a system of pitch and rhythm notation evolved having the precision and flexibility that modern musicians take for granted.

The beginning of the Renaissance in music is not as clearly marked as the beginning of the Renaissance in the other arts, and unlike in the other arts, it did not begin in Italy, but in northern Europe, specifically in the area currently comprising central and northern France, the Netherlands, and Belgium. French Canadian clarinetist and composer Francois Houle is an improviser and interpreter well-versed in modern jazz and new composed music.

And he often works with international collaborators in all sorts of settings. Francois Houle's new album is for a half-Canadian, half-American quartet. Jazz critic Kevin Whitehead has this review. Clarinetist Houle and guitarist Gordon Grdina are mainstays of Vancouver's lively improvised music scene, working together in a few bands.

The bassist and guitarist also have history. All four together have a good feel for ensemble give-and-take. Since clarinet is not so loud, players often appear in quieter settings where they don't have to yell. This quartet is something else. Francois Houle has recorded with a few guitar players, but they're rarely as amped up as Gordon Grdina here, egged on by bass and drums. Upbeat country jam played with a variety of guitars. Categories related to Western : Acoustic Guitar.

Western Adventures Without Orchestra. Western Adventures. Western Cowboy Ride. Outlaw Beginnings By Roger Ts. In this scene from Tristan und Isoldethe title characters drink a magic potion that creates undying and forbidden love between them.

In the long passage without any singing, the potion takes effect as the orchestra presents the "Love-Death" Leitmotivwhich was introduced in a Prelude before the opera's action began.

Many Germans considered Brahms to be Beethoven's first worthy successor in the field of instrumental music. The last movement of Brahms's Symphony No.

The Austrian conductor Gustav Mahler wrote numerous sets of symphonic Liederas well as nine symphonies which themselves included symphonic Lieder as some of their movements. Reproduced here is Mahler's "St. History Debussy through Copland Many 20th-century composers turned away from harmonic methods that had Western A La Bruegel - François Rabbath - New Sound Of Jazz (CD) used in music for the past years. The Frenchman Claude Debussy rejected the rules of 19th-century harmony as they were taught in the Paris Conservatoire, instead infusing his practice with harmonic techniques from East Asia and Russia.

Debussy's association with French painters of his time has led some people to label him and his music "Impressionist. With Debussy, we enter the "Modern" era of Western art music, an era which presumably continues to the present day. Stravinsky incorporated the folk music of his native Russia into his early compositions, while using harmonic techniques that were radically modern at the time.

The subject of Stravinsky's ballet Le Sacre du Printemps "The Rite of Spring"a pagan ritual of human sacrifice, was meant to recall "primitive" culture. The excerpt here accompanied one of the ballet's many depictions of ritual dances preceding a final virgin sacrifice. Ives blended, overlaid, and contrasted snippets of music from all walks of American life: the country church, the dance hall, and the military base. Military music is most evident in "Putnam's Camp, Redding, Connecticut," a musical representation of the Revolutionary army marching at the winter quarters of General Israel Putnam.

Bartok's music ranged from explicit settings of these folk tunes to abstract works which bore a more subtle folk influence.

The fourth movement of Bartok's String Quartet 4 probably falls into the latter category. The movement is set entirely in pizzicato --the two violins, viola, and cello are plucked rather than bowed. LISTEN: Bartok, String Quartet 4, fourth movement The music of the Austrian Arnold Schoenberg grew farther and farther from 19th-century harmonic models, until he was writing music that has been called "atonal," meaning that, in a certain technical respect, no note in it is more central than any other.

Almost no music from Gregorian times through the 19th century had been atonal. In the 's, Schoenberg introduced the "twelve-tone system," a new technique for organizing music without the need for a central note. Schoenberg's Pierrot Lunairesetting poems of Albert Giraud, dates from before his twelve-tone period.

The poems transport Pierrot, the stock character of the Italian commedia del'arteinto alien, psychologically charged situations. Pierrot Lunaire uses a technique called Sprechstimme "speech-sound" ; it is not quite spoken, not quite sung. Expressionism, associated with painters and composers in Germany and Austria between the world wars, took as its subject matter the irrational unconscious, inner conflict, and alienation from the conventions of society.

The title character of Wozzeck is an impoverished, deranged soldier, who discovers an affair between his lover Marie and the more impressive Drum Major. In the scene reproduced here, Wozzeck finds himself in a crowded bar after having cut Marie's throat; near the end of the scene, the crowd discovers blood stains on Wozzeck's arm, inspiring him to flee.

Copland's ballet Rodeo depicts life among cowboys in the Old West. The melody of the final "Hoe-Down" is borrowed from traditional American fiddling. The Party preferred aggrandizement of itself and of the Russian people by means of music that was relatively simple and triumphant.

Shostakovich's own tastes ran to the satirical and ironic as often as to the victorious. Upon the occasion of victory over the Nazis inthe prominent Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich presented his Symphony No. Although the harmonic techniques of the symphony were only moderately removed from 19th-century techniques, Soviet authorities were displeased at the acid sarcasm they heard beneath the first movement's jubilant surface.

Messiaen's music was motivated by his personal brand of Catholic mysticism; the sounds of Western A La Bruegel - François Rabbath - New Sound Of Jazz (CD) calls and the techniques of Indian classical music also influenced him.

The title of the first movement, "Liturgy of Crystal," typifies Messiaen's combination of religious themes and vivid imagery. LISTEN: Messiaen, Quatuor pour la fin du temps Quartet for the End of Time"Liturgie de cristal" Music history has always been characterized by the search for ways to make new kinds of sound--by constructing new instruments, by finding new ways of playing old instruments, by finding new ways for performers to work together.

The search for new kinds of sound became particularly intense in the mid-to-late 20th century. LISTEN: Ligeti, Atmospheres The use of early music synthesizers and the physical manipulation of magnetic tape prefigured today's use of digital sampling by many composers.

Karlheinz Stockhausen b. LISTEN: Stockhausen, Gesang der Junglige Song of the Youths [first ] Atonal music using Schoenberg's twelve-tone system never acquired a large popular audience, but it has continued to be used throughout the 20th century. More than anyone else, Milton Babbitt b. Yet Babbitt has often said that the goal of his computations is musical beauty, not abstract cerebration. Steve Reich b.

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